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dc.contributor.author Haenn, Nora en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2010-06-17T20:42:42Z en_US
dc.date.available 2010-06-17T20:42:42Z en_US
dc.date.issued 2000 en_US
dc.identifier.citation Haenn, Nora. 2000. “Biodiversity Is Diversity in Use”: Community-Based Conservation in the Calakmul Biosphere Reserve. Paper, Department of Anthropology, Arizona State University. en_US
dc.identifier.other Former Mana'o EPrint ID17 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10524/1526 en_US
dc.description America Verde Working Papers No. 7 en_US
dc.description.abstract During the early and mid-1990s, the buffer zone of Mexico’s Calakmul Biosphere Reserve in Campeche state was home to a pervasive program of integrated conservation-development. Because these projects saw high levels of local participation, Calakmul attracted the interest of Mexican and international environmentalists who saw the region as an example of the possibilities for community-based conservation. This paper outlines the content of those programs as well as challenges to their success. In particular, the paper describes how a government-farmer relationship built on patronage and land distribution is at odds with conservation programs that take land out of the agricultural base and anticipate a sustainable economy that has yet to develop. The desire for land is an enduring, politicized issue in Calakmul. This issue is so strong that government authorities have not been able to enforce changes in the Mexican constitution (Article 27) that ended the distribution of farm lands. These constitutional changes took place in 1991, and since that time, authorities have created two new farm communities in Calakmul in order to protect the Reserve from land invasions. en_US
dc.description.sponsorship Office LAC/RSD/, Bureau for Latin America and the Caribbean, U.S. Agency for International Development. en_US
dc.format.extent 26 pages en_US
dc.publisher The Nature Conservancy en_US
dc.relation http://www4.ncsu.edu/~nmhaenn/publications.html en_US
dc.subject Calakmul Biosphere Reserve en_US
dc.subject Mexico en_US
dc.subject conservation en_US
dc.subject government-farmer relations en_US
dc.subject land rights en_US
dc.subject local control en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Ethnology en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Mexico en_US
dc.title “Biodiversity Is Diversity in Use”: Community-Based Conservation in the Calakmul Biosphere Reserve en_US
dc.type Paper en_US

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