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Title: Ammonia Nitrogen Excretion Rate - An Index For Evaluating Protein Quality Of Three Feed Fishes For The Black Sea Turbot 
Author: Yigit, Murat; Koshio, Shunsuke; Aral, Orhan; Karaali, Burcu; Karayucel, Sedat
Date: 2003
Publisher: Israeli Journal of Aquaculture - BAMIGDEH
Citation: Yigit, M., Koshio, S., Aral, O., Karaali, B., & Karayucel, S. (2003). Ammonia Nitrogen Excretion Rate - An Index For Evaluating Protein Quality Of Three Feed Fishes For The Black Sea Turbot. The Israeli Journal of Aquaculture - Bamidgeh, 55(1), 69-76.
Abstract: Total ammonia nitrogen excretion rates were measured in young Black Sea turbot (74.79 g avg wt) reared in brackish water (17 ppt salinity) at 11±0.3°C. Duplicate groups of turbot were fed a fixed quantity of teleosts, either anchovy (Engraulis encrasicolus), goby (Gobius sp.) or whiting (Merlangius merlangus). Feeds were offered to the turbot as wet feed. Cumulative ammonia-N excretion over a 6-hour period was significantly lower (p<0.05) in fish fed goby (3.64±0.27 mg- N/100 g fish) and whiting (3.83±0.13 mg-N/100 g fish) than that in fish fed anchovy (4.48±0.06 mg-N/100 g fish). The ammonia-N excretion rate in all groups peaked two hours after feeding, but the peak value in the group fed anchovy was significantly higher (p<0.05) than in the other two groups. No differences were observed among diets in samples taken 3, 4, 5 and 6 hours after feeding. Significantly lower excretion levels in the goby and whiting groups could be relat- ed to the protein quality of these species which may be higher than that of the anchovy for tur- bot nutrition.
Series/Report No.: The Israeli Journal of Aquaculture - Bamidgeh
Pages/Duration: 8 pages
ISSN: 0792-156X
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10524/19070
Keywords: ammonia excretion rates, feeds, protein sources, turbot, water quality
LC Subject Headings: Fish culture--Israel--Periodicals.
Fish culture--Periodicals.
Aquaculture--Israel--Periodicals.
Aquaculture--Periodicals.

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