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dc.contributor.author Lupatsch, Ingrid en_US
dc.contributor.author Kissil, George Wm. en_US
dc.contributor.author Sklan, David en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2012-01-19T20:11:30Z en_US
dc.date.available 2012-01-19T20:11:30Z en_US
dc.date.issued 2003 en_US
dc.identifier.citation Lupatsch, I., Kissil, G.W., & Sklan, D. (2003). Defining Energy And Protein Requirements Of Gilthead Seabream (Sparus Aurata) To Optimize Feeds And Feeding Regimes. The Israeli Journal of Aquaculture - Bamidgeh, 55(4), 243-257. en_US
dc.identifier.issn 0792-156X en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10524/19090 en_US
dc.description.abstract Energy and protein requirements of growing fish can be quantified as the sum of the amounts of energy and protein retained as growth plus the amounts simultaneously lost from the body. The requirement for dietary gross energy and protein can be calculated using the respective effi- ciencies of utilization. Growth of gilthead seabream as a function of body weight and tempera- ture was predicted by the equation: y = 0.024 x BW0.514 x exp0.060T (where y = daily weight gain in g/fish, BW = body weight in g and T = temperature in °C). The gain was determined in fish ranging 1-470 g. The energy content of the fish depended on fish weight and rose from 4.7 to 11.0 kJ/g body mass as the fish grew whereas the protein content was constant at 176 mg/g regardless of fish weight. The efficiencies of utilization of digestible energy (DE) and digestible protein (DP) for maintenance and growth were determined by feeding the fish at increasing feed- ing levels from zero to the maximum voluntary feed intake. The daily requirement of DE for main- tenance was dependent on temperature and determined as (16.6kJ x exp0.055T)/BW in kg0.82. The maintenance requirement for DP was independent of temperature and equaled 0.62g/ BW in kg0.70. The relationship between DE intake and energy gain was linear, constant at kDEg = 0.67 and independent of feed intake and temperature. Efficiency of protein utilization for growth var- ied between 0.33 and 0.80 depending on the DP/DE ratio in the diet. The optimal protein uti- lization for protein deposition was estimated at kDPg = 0.47. Using these values allows optimiza- tion of feeding for seabream culture. en_US
dc.format.extent 15 pages en_US
dc.publisher Israeli Journal of Aquaculture - BAMIGDEH en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries The Israeli Journal of Aquaculture - Bamidgeh en_US
dc.subject energy partitioning, feeding standard, growth prediction, maintenance, protein utilization en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Fish culture--Israel--Periodicals. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Fish culture--Periodicals. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Aquaculture--Israel--Periodicals. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Aquaculture--Periodicals. en_US
dc.title Defining Energy And Protein Requirements Of Gilthead Seabream (Sparus Aurata) To Optimize Feeds And Feeding Regimes en_US

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