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Title: Reproductive Biology Of The Shi Drum (Umbrina Cirrosa) In Captivity And Induction Of Spawning Using Gnrha 
Author: Mylonas, Constantinos C.; Kyriakou, Yiannos; Sigelaki, Irini; Georgiou, Georgios; Stephanou, Daphne; Divanach, Pascal
Date: 2004
Publisher: Israeli Journal of Aquaculture - BAMIGDEH
Citation: Mylonas, C.C., Kyriakou, Y., Sigelaki, I., Georgiou, G., Stephanou, D., & Divanach, P. (2004). Reproductive Biology Of The Shi Drum (Umbrina Cirrosa) In Captivity And Induction Of Spawning Using Gnrha. The Israeli Journal of Aquaculture - Bamidgeh, 56(2), 75-92.
Abstract: The reproductive biology of the shi drum (Umbrina cirrosa) in culture was histologically exam- ined and sperm quality was monitored during an entire reproductive period. Already in April, the ovary contained oocytes in all stages of maturation, from primary oocytes to full vitellogenesis, as expected from a group-synchronous multiple-batch spawning fish. Vitellogenesis of the first batch of oocytes occurred very rapidly and their mean diameter (500 μm) did not increase sig- nificantly (p>0.05) as the reproductive period proceeded. The spermiation index peaked in May- June, but fish never produced copious amounts of milt upon abdominal pressure. The sperma- tozoa motility percentage remained unchanged throughout the spawning season (80%) and a significant percentage (40%) maintained viability after overnight storage at 4°C. Sperm density and motility duration increased during the reproductive period and varied 13-26 x109 spermato- zoa/ml and 26-40 s, respectively. Spontaneous spawning was not observed during the two-year study. Injection of post-vitellogenic females with an agonist of gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRHa) was successful in inducing a single spawning after two days, with fertilization, hatch- ing and 4-day larval survival rates of 65%, 42-76% and 46-80%, respectively. The results under- line the failure of female shi drum in culture to undergo final oocyte maturation and, although GnRHa injection was effective in inducing spawning of viable eggs, multiple treatments did not induce multiple spawns, as was expected from fish with multiple-batch group-synchronous ovar- ian biology.
Series/Report No.: The Israeli Journal of Aquaculture - Bamidgeh
Pages/Duration: 18 pages
ISSN: 0792-156X
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10524/19106
Keywords: GnRHa, induced spawning, Shi drum, sperm quality, Umbrina
LC Subject Headings: Fish culture--Israel--Periodicals.
Fish culture--Periodicals.
Aquaculture--Israel--Periodicals.
Aquaculture--Periodicals.

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