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Title: Successful Replacement Of Fishmeal By Plant Proteins In Diets For The Gilthead Seabream, Sparus Aurata L. 
Author: Kissil, George Wm.; Lupatsch, Ingrid
Date: 2004
Publisher: Israeli Journal of Aquaculture - BAMIGDEH
Citation: Kissil, G.W., & Lupatsch, I. (2004). Successful Replacement Of Fishmeal By Plant Proteins In Diets For The Gilthead Seabream, Sparus Aurata L.. The Israeli Journal of Aquaculture - Bamidgeh, 56(3), 188-199.
Abstract: Soy protein concentrate, wheat gluten, and corn gluten meal were evaluated in combination and as sole dietary protein sources in diets for gilthead seabream. A growth trial and digestibility determinations demonstrated the effectiveness of these plant proteins as alternatives to fish- meal. Digestibility trials indicated superior protein digestibility for soy protein (92%), wheat gluten (96%), and corn gluten (90%) in comparison with fishmeal (86%), while energy digestibility was higher than fishmeal (84%) only in wheat gluten (91%; it was 75% for soy protein and 72% for corn gluten). For the growth trial, eight isonitrogenous and isoenergetic (as-fed basis) diets were formulated with differences in the protein sources. Growth in the range of 40-130 g was superi- or to the fishmeal control with the diet containing wheat gluten but inferior in the diets containing soy protein concentrate or corn gluten meal. Diets that replaced 25-100% of the fishmeal with a mixture containing equal portions of all three plant proteins outperformed the control with a 9- 16% greater weight gain and 4-10% lower feed conversion ratio. The use of soy protein or corn gluten as the sole protein source in diets for seabream is not recommended but their use in com- bination with wheat gluten can provide a partial or complete alternative to fishmeal. However, the cost of supplemental arginine made replacement economic at only the lowest replacement level (25%). An in-depth evaluation of the need for this amino acid in the protein mixture could signif- icantly affect the feasibility of using higher replacement levels.
Series/Report No.: The Israeli Journal of Aquaculture - Bamidgeh
Pages/Duration: 12 pages
ISSN: 0792-156X
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10524/19114
Keywords: corn gluten, fishmeal, fishmeal substitute, gilthead seabream diets, soy protein, wheat gluten
LC Subject Headings: Fish culture--Israel--Periodicals.
Fish culture--Periodicals.
Aquaculture--Israel--Periodicals.
Aquaculture--Periodicals.

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