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Title: Growth, Behavior, And Mating Of Pharaoh Cuttlefish (Sepia Pharaonis Ehrenberg) In Captivity 
Author: Anil, M.K.; Andrews, Joseph; Unnikrishnan, C.
Date: 2005
Publisher: Israeli Journal of Aquaculture - BAMIGDEH
Citation: Anil, M.K., Andrews, J., & Unnikrishnan, C. (2005). Growth, Behavior, And Mating Of Pharaoh Cuttlefish (Sepia Pharaonis Ehrenberg) In Captivity. The Israeli Journal of Aquaculture - Bamidgeh, 57(1), 25-31.
Abstract: The pharaoh cuttlefish (Sepia pharaonis) was successfully reared from egg to an average size of 168 mm mantle length and 521 g in 210 days, using simple biological filtration systems. The period of egg incubation was 15 days at a temperature of 27-31 ̊C. Hatchlings were reared at a stocking density of one animal per liter during the first month; density was reduced as growth proceeded. Food items consisted of live mysids, Artemia salina, juvenile fishes, and prawns. Juveniles were gradually acquainted with dead food items such as caridian prawns and small fishes. The present study shows that the pharaoh cuttlefish can be reared in captivity with a sur- vival rate of 41%, using live feeds during the first 50 days. Future commercial scale culture of this species depends on development of artificial feeds and high density culture systems.
Series/Report No.: The Israeli Journal of Aquaculture - Bamidgeh
Pages/Duration: 7 pages
ISSN: 0792-156X
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10524/19124
Keywords: culture, cuttlefish, Sepia pharaonis
LC Subject Headings: Fish culture--Israel--Periodicals.
Fish culture--Periodicals.
Aquaculture--Israel--Periodicals.
Aquaculture--Periodicals.

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