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Title: Effects of n-3 PUFA Levels in Live Foods on Albinism, Growth, Survival, and Salinity Tolerance of Flounder (Paralichthys olivaceus) Larvae in Large-Scale Artificial Rearing 
Author: Wel, Wang; Xiangyang, Zou; Feng, Yao; Liqiao, Chen
Date: 2007
Publisher: Israeli Journal of Aquaculture - BAMIGDEH
Citation: Wel, W., Xiangyang, Z., Feng, Y., & Liqiao, C. (2007). Effects of n-3 PUFA Levels in Live Foods on Albinism, Growth, Survival, and Salinity Tolerance of Flounder (Paralichthys olivaceus) Larvae in Large-Scale Artificial Rearing. The Israeli Journal of Aquaculture - Bamidgeh, 59(3), 137-145.
Abstract: The effects of feeding enriched rotifers and Artemia nauplii on albinism in flounder (Paralichthys olivaceus) larvae raised in a large-scale artificial system were investigated. Larvae were first fed an S-type rotifer (Brachionus angularis) enriched with Nannochloropsis oculata for 11-12 days, which raised the n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) content in the rotifer from 5.36% to 17.63% of the total fatty acids. Next, the larvae were fed one of three strains of Artemia enriched with microcapsule (50DE), vitamin A (9000 IU/l), and vitamin D (2000 IU/l) for 35 days, which raised the n-3 PUFA contents in the Artemia to 38.62%, 36.53%, and 33.86% of the total fatty acids, respectively. Among the larvae fed the enriched feeds, no more than 3‰ were albino, much fewer than in the control groups fed non-enriched foods (p<0.01). In addition, n-3 PUFA contents in the muscles, growth and survival rates, and salinity tolerance were greater in founder fed the enriched foods. Artemia nauplii from Qixiangcuo (Tibet, China), enriched to 38.62% of total fatty acids, was superior in preventing albinism than the strains from Pikou or Yingkou (Liaoning, China).
Series/Report No.: The Israeli Journal of Aquaculture - Bamidgeh
Pages/Duration: 9 pages
ISSN: 0792-156X
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10524/19222
Keywords: flounder (Paralichthys olivaceus), albinism, Artemia, n-3 PUFA, large-scale artificial rearing
LC Subject Headings: Fish culture--Israel--Periodicals.
Fish culture--Periodicals.
Aquaculture--Israel--Periodicals.
Aquaculture--Periodicals.

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