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Item Description Nakai, T. en_US Sugaya, T. en_US Nishioka, T. en_US Mushiake, K. en_US Yamashita, H. en_US 2012-01-19T20:25:54Z 2012-01-19T20:25:54Z 2009 en_US
dc.identifier.citation Nakai, T., Sugaya, T., Nishioka, T., Mushiake, K., & Yamashita, H. (2009). Current Knowledge on Viral Nervous Necrosis (VNN) and its Causative Betanodaviruses. The Israeli Journal of Aquaculture - Bamidgeh, 61(3), 198-207. en_US
dc.identifier.issn 0792-156X en_US
dc.description.abstract Viral nervous necrosis (VNN) or viral encephalopathy and retinopathy (VER) caused by betanodaviruses (Nodaviridae) has seriously damaged global marine aquaculture since its first appearance in the late 1980s. In the past two decades, more than 100 papers have been published on the dis- ease. Although information is still limited, we now have more knowledge on the taxonomic position and molecular characteristics of betanodaviruses, and on the diagnosis, control, and infection mechanisms of the disease. This paper briefly reviews studies on VNN and betanodaviruses. en_US
dc.format.extent 10 pages en_US
dc.publisher Israeli Journal of Aquaculture - BAMIGDEH en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries The Israeli Journal of Aquaculture - Bamidgeh en_US
dc.subject betanodavirus, viral nervous necrosis, viral encephalopathy and retinopathy, control methods, epidemiology, VNN, VER en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Fish culture--Israel--Periodicals. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Fish culture--Periodicals. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Aquaculture--Israel--Periodicals. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Aquaculture--Periodicals. en_US
dc.title Current Knowledge on Viral Nervous Necrosis (VNN) and its Causative Betanodaviruses en_US

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