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Title: Viral Infections of Macrobrachium spp.: Global Status of Outbreaks, Diagnosis, Surveillance, and Research 
Author: Hameed, A.S. Sahul
Date: 2009
Publisher: Israeli Journal of Aquaculture - BAMIGDEH
Citation: Hameed, A.S.S. (2009). Viral Infections of Macrobrachium spp.: Global Status of Outbreaks, Diagnosis, Surveillance, and Research. The Israeli Journal of Aquaculture - Bamidgeh, 61(3), 240-247.
Abstract: Macrobrachium rosenbergii, a global and economically important cultured freshwater prawn, is farmed on a large scale in many countries. Compared to penaeid shrimps, M. rosenbergii is a moderately disease-resistant species. However, viruses such as Macrobrachium hepatopancreatic parvo-like virus (MHPV), Macrobrachium muscle virus (MMV), infectious hypodermal and hematopoietic necrosis virus (IHHNV), white spot syn- drome virus (WSSV), Macrobrachium rosenbergii nodavirus (MrNV), and extra small virus-like particle (XSV) have been reported and are responsi- ble for economic losses to freshwater prawn culture. MrNV and XSV, the causes of white tail disease (WTD), have been reported as dangerous viruses to M. rosenbergii, resulting in 100% mortality in postlarvae and juve- niles within five days of infection. Clinical signs of WTD include lethargy and opaqueness of the abdominal muscle. Various aspects of WTD are dis- cussed in this paper, including tissue tropism of the causative viruses, host range, virus structure, vertical transmission, pathogenicity, and the possibil- ity of multiplying MrNV and XSV in a mosquito cell line.
Series/Report No.: The Israeli Journal of Aquaculture - Bamidgeh
Pages/Duration: 8 pages
ISSN: 0792-156X
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10524/19292
Keywords: Macrobrachium rosenbergii, white tail disease, Macrobrachium rosenbergii nodavirus (MrNV), extra small virus-like particle (XSV), host range, vertical transmission
LC Subject Headings: Fish culture--Israel--Periodicals.
Fish culture--Periodicals.

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