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dc.contributor.author James, Raja en_US
dc.contributor.author Vasudhevan, Iyyadurai en_US
dc.contributor.author Sampath, Kunchitam en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2012-01-19T20:26:42Z en_US
dc.date.available 2012-01-19T20:26:42Z en_US
dc.date.issued 2009 en_US
dc.identifier.citation James, R., Vasudhevan, I., & Sampath, K. (2009). Interaction of Spirulina with Different Levels of Vitamin E on Growth, Reproduction, and Coloration in Goldfish (Carassius auratus). The Israeli Journal of Aquaculture - Bamidgeh, 61(4), 330-338. en_US
dc.identifier.issn 0792-156X en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10524/19299 en_US
dc.description.abstract The interaction between spirulina (30 g/kg diet) and different levels of vita- min E (100, 200, 300, and 600 mg/kg diet) on growth, gonad weight, repro- duction, and coloration were studied in goldfish, Carassius auratus, for 120 days. The mean body weight increased with time in all experimental diets. Growth, gonad weight, and fecundity in fish fed the diet containing spiruli- na+300 mg vitamin E were significantly (p<0.01) enhanced, compared to other diets. Supplementation of vitamin E beyond this level significantly (p<0.01) reduced gonad weight and, subsequently, fecundity. Control fish spawned only once, with fewer eggs per spawn, than other groups, which spawned twice with a greater number of eggs per spawn. Females fed spir- ulina without vitamin E laid 703 eggs in two spawnings compared to 1057 eggs in fish fed with the spirulina+300 mg vitamin E diet. Fish treated with other combinations laid fewer eggs. While all combinations of spirulina and vitamin E significantly enhanced coloration, the combination of spiruli- na+300 mg vitamin E was the most influential. en_US
dc.format.extent 9 pages en_US
dc.publisher Israeli Journal of Aquaculture - BAMIGDEH en_US
dc.relation.ispartofseries The Israeli Journal of Aquaculture - Bamidgeh en_US
dc.subject nutrient interaction, growth, gonad weight, fecundity, coloration, Carassius auratus en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Fish culture--Israel--Periodicals. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Fish culture--Periodicals. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Aquaculture--Israel--Periodicals. en_US
dc.subject.lcsh Aquaculture--Periodicals. en_US
dc.title Interaction of Spirulina with Different Levels of Vitamin E on Growth, Reproduction, and Coloration in Goldfish (Carassius auratus) en_US

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