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Substance abuse and dependence in a public hospital: Hawaii.

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Title: Substance abuse and dependence in a public hospital: Hawaii.
Authors: Baker, F M
Haning, William F. 3rd
Issue Date: Feb 2001
Abstract: A pilot study of the prevalence of substance abuse disorders was completed on the only open unit of the only state psychiatric hospital in Hawaii to address the following questions: 1) What were the substances of abuse and dependence in this population? 2) What was the pattern of abuse and/or dependence in this sample? 3) How did these patterns compare to the patterns observed in the published literature? 4) What was the predominant Stage of Change of these patients? 5) Was the staff perception that these patients were in denial an accurate perception? METHODOLOGY: All patients admitted to the unit between 1st June and 31st August 1999 comprised the sample, N = 35. Each patient was assigned diagnoses based upon the DSM-IV criteria and level of change was assessed. RESULTS: The demographic characteristics of the sample follow: 60% were ages 20-39, 89% were male; 92% were currently single, 71% had an education of high school or college, and 66% had a diagnosis of schizophrenia or schizoaffective disorder. The racial composition reflected the diversity of Hawaii. Although 20% of the sample had no substance abuse problem, 66% of the remaining patients were multiply dependent upon alcohol, cannabis, crystal methamphetamine, or cocaine with 48% of these patients in the Precontemplative Stage of Change (denial). The patterns of multiple substances of abuse and dependence were higher than in the reported literature. Further studies are needed.
URI/DOI: http://hdl.handle.net/10524/53792
ISSN: 0017-8594
Appears in Collections:Hawaii Medical Journal Articles For 2001



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