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Alcohol use in Hawaii.
|Title:||Alcohol use in Hawaii.|
|Authors:||Hishinuma, E S|
Nishimura, S T
Miyamoto, R H
Johnson, R C
|Issue Date:||Aug 2000|
|Abstract:||This article provides a review of the existing literature on alcohol use in Hawaii (i.e., epidemiology, reasons for use, associated problems, and intervention) and offers clinical implications of the findings and suggestions for further areas of research. In general, Caucasians, Hawaiians, younger Filipinos, males, adolescents, young adults, and those with lower educational attainment were found to be at higher risk. Overall, Hawaii's rates were either comparable or lower than those for the entire United States. Factors associated with different rates of alcohol use included accessibility, ability to resist offers, parent use and sanctions, peer influence and use, attitudes and beliefs (e.g., perceived normal drinking, dangerousness), religious affiliation, social occasions, and school intervention. Variable rates and trends in help-seeking behaviors, treatment admissions, and treatment utilization reflected the socio-cultural diversity in Hawaii. Perceived effectiveness of different treatments were generally consistent across ethnic groups, but did not necessarily represent actual efficacy. There is a clear need for additional prevention, screening, and intervention programs in Hawaii, including socio-culturally appropriate ones, as well as a need for further research.|
|Sponsor:||1 R24 MH5015-01/MH/NIMH NIH HHS/United States|
RR0361-06S1/RR/NCRR NIH HHS/United States
|Appears in Collections:||Hawaii Medical Journal Articles For 2000|
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