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Evaluation of Dietary Anti-nutritional Factors and Amino Acids Supplementation on Growth, Feed Efficiency Ratio, and Apparent Digestibility of Japanese Flounder (Paralichthys olivaceus) at Equal Feed Intake

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Title: Evaluation of Dietary Anti-nutritional Factors and Amino Acids Supplementation on Growth, Feed Efficiency Ratio, and Apparent Digestibility of Japanese Flounder (Paralichthys olivaceus) at Equal Feed Intake
Authors: Wei Chen
Kangsen Ma
Yanjiao Zhang
Qinghui Ai
Rantao Zuo
show 1 moreHouguo Xu
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Keywords: anti-nutritional factor
crystalline amino acid
force feeding
Japanese flounder
LC Subject Headings: Fish culture--Israel.
Fish culture.
Issue Date: 2016
Abstract: A 30-day feeding trial was conducted to evaluate the anti-nutritional factors in fish meal-based diets, and limiting amino acids in soybean meal-based diets on growth, feed efficiency ratio (FER), and nutrient apparent digestibility (AD) of Japanese flounder (Paralichthys olivaceus) at equal feed intake. Four isonitrogenous and isoenergetic diets were formulated: Diet 1 contained fish meal as the main dietary protein source; Diet 2 was based on Diet 1 and supplemented with anti-nutritional factors; Diet 3 contained both fish meal and soybean meal as main protein source; Diet 4 was based on Diet 3 and supplemented with crystalline amino acids. All diets were assigned to triplicate groups of 5 fish per aquarium. Results from Diet 1 showed that force-feeding was a possible method to rear Japanese flounder with high FER and 100% survival rate. In the first three periods (4 days/period), weight gain (WG) and FER of fish fed Diets 2, 3 & 4 were significantly lower (P<0.05) than in fish fed Diet 1. After 30 days of the feeding trial, WG and FER of fish fed Diets 3 & 4 were significantly lower than in fish fed Diet 1 (P<0.05). No significant difference in WG and FER was observed either between fish fed Diets 1 & 2, or between fish fed Diets 3 & 4. The AD of dry matter and crude lipid of fish fed Diets 3 & 4 were significantly lower than those of fish fed Diet 1 (P<0.05). Results indicated that supplementation of anti-nutritional factors in a fish meal-based diet, or supplementation of crystalline amino acids in a soybean meal-based diet did not significantly affect growth performance of Japanese flounder by force feeding.
Pages/Duration: 6 pages
URI/DOI: http://hdl.handle.net/10524/54970
ISSN: 0792-156X
Appears in Collections:Volume 68, 2016



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