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Kula and Kahawai : Geoarchaeological and Historical Investigations in Middle Maunawili Valley, Kailua, Koʻolau Poko, Oʻahu
|Title:||Kula and Kahawai : Geoarchaeological and Historical Investigations in Middle Maunawili Valley, Kailua, Koʻolau Poko, Oʻahu|
Riford, Mary F.
Scott Cummings, Linda
show 3 moreKawachi, Carol
|LC Subject Headings:||Archaeological surveying -- Hawaii -- Maunawili Valley.|
Archaeological geology -- Hawaii -- Maunawili Valley.
Maunawili Valley (Hawaii) -- Antiquities.
|Date Issued:||Aug 2002|
|Publisher:||AMEC Earth and Environmental, Honolulu|
|Has Part:||Maunawili Stream Terrace Complex Foldout Map, https://hdl.handle.net/10524/58580|
Omao Stream Terrace Complex Foldout Map, http://hdl.handle.net/10524/58581
|Abstract:||From October, 1986, through April, 1988, at the request of the Royal Hawaiian Country Club, Inc., the Applied Research Group, Bishop Museum, conducted inventory survey, data recovery, and interpretive excavations (at preserved sites) in a 202.35-ha property (TMK 4-2-06:1. -07:1, -08:1, -09:1) scheduled for golf course development in Maunawili Valley, O'ahu. Additional field visits took place in late 1988 and May, 1989. This report finalizes and supersedes information presented earlier in three research designs, six preliminary reports, and one draft preservation plan (see References Cited). Twenty-nine sites, containing more than 607 surface features/feature clusters, were described, mapped, and investigated. These include a walled heiau; human bones; house sites; field shelters; work areas, some with grinding stones; extensive pre-Contact agricultural complexes of rainfed, irrigated, and intermediate types, one with a petroglyph boulder; a post-Contact charcoal kiln; E. H. Boyd's and W. G. hwin's estates; Irwin's coffee mill; a historic road network; ranching walls and enclosures; and sugar plantation-related features including 'Ainoni Spring and Ditch. Laboratory analyses completed in order to interpret site age, function, and significance include radiocarbon and post-Contact artifact dating, midden analysis, pollen and wood charcoal identifications, and description and interpretation of 3,664 artifacts of pre-Contact types and 1,166 post-Contact artifacts. Radiocarbon-dating evidence and historical research indicate that the valley has been occupied over a long perios, since c.A.D. 1000. Uses of the area have varied, as indicated by the list above, but have apparently always emphasized the production of taro and other crops.|
|Description:||1 volume (various pagings) : illustrations, maps (some folded) ; 28 cm|
|Appears in Collections:||
Hawaiian Collection Books and Articles|
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