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Benfotiamine in high carbohydrate diet enhances growth and reproductive performance of the Asian native catfish Clarias macrocephalus subadults
|Title:||Benfotiamine in high carbohydrate diet enhances growth and reproductive performance of the Asian native catfish Clarias macrocephalus subadults|
|Authors:||Bautista, Lemark M.|
Tumbokon, Barry L.M.
Plasus, Mojena M.G.
Serrano, Augusto E.
show 1 morereproduction
|Abstract:||Clarias macrocephalus has been extirpated in most regions in the Philippines and as a preliminary study towards its reintroduction, we aimed at enhancing the growth and reproductive performance of the broodstock. Several studies have identified thiamine deficiency as a factor in the extirpation of some important fish species in the wild. The present study aimed to determine the effects of elevated dietary carbohydrates and benfotiamine, a more bioavailable analog of thiamine (vitamin B1). Three diets were used, namely, a commercial diet specific for catfish was used as the control diet (Com), a high carbohydrate (HC) diet, and a benfotiamine-supplemented HC diet (HCB). Results show that survival of the subadult catfish in captivity for 10 weeks was remarkably high, exhibiting an average of 99% for all three treatments (P>0.05). HCB diet resulted in significantly higher final average body weight (FABW), weight gain (WG), specific growth rate (SGR), and significantly best food conversion ratio (FCR) (P<0.05) than the values for both Com and HC groups (P>0.05). For the reproductive performance, female Asian catfish fed the HCB diet exhibited significantly heavier ovary and liver (P<0.05) than those female catfish fed either the Com or HC diet (P>0.05). GSI of the female catfish and fecundity were significantly higher in the HCB group (P<0.05) than in the Com or HC group (P>0.05). In the male catfish, testes were significantly heavier in the HCB group (P<0.05) than in the Com or HC diet (P>0.05). HSI, male LW, and LL were significantly higher in the HC and HCB groups (P>0.05) than in the Com group (P<0.05). GSI values of the male catfish were significantly highest in the HCB (P<0.05), followed by the HC group, and significantly lowest in the Com group (P<0.05). The larval survival rate for one week was significantly higher (P<0.05) in the Asian catfish fed the HCB diet than in those fed the Com or HC diet (P>0.05). In conclusion, elevating dietary carbohydrates in the diet from 7.70% to 22.73% (i.e., Com to HC diet, respectively) did not negatively affect the growth and reproductive performance of the Asian catfish. Further supplementation of benfotiamine at 0.02% to the HC diet enhanced significantly both the growth and reproductive performance of the Asian catfish.|
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Volume 74, 2022|
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