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Effects of thermal stratification and mixing on the vertical distribution of dissolved oxygen in aquaculture ponds

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Title:Effects of thermal stratification and mixing on the vertical distribution of dissolved oxygen in aquaculture ponds
Authors:Wan, Xiao
Jiang, Shunyao
Xiong, Qinxue
Yang, Jun R.
Xia, Sujing
show 1 moreChen, Qihang
show less
Keywords:aquaculture ponds
dissolved oxygen
mixing
thermal stratification
Date Issued:2022
Abstract:Thermal stratification and mixing in aquaculture ponds can seriously affect the vertical distribution of dissolved oxygen (DO) and result in a lack of DO in ponds. Therefore, revealing the vertical distribution of DO in aquaculture ponds influenced by thermal stratification and mixing can provide a theoretical basis for aquaculture water management. Here, we explore the impacts of thermal stratification and mixing on the vertical distribution of DO in two aquaculture ponds under different weather conditions. The results showed that thermal stratification mainly occurs during the daytime, and mixing occurs at nighttime. Water thermal stratification appears 4 h after sunrise, while mixing occurs 1 h after nightfall. When the Richardson index is less than 0.25, the mixing direction is unstable. In the daytime, the vertical distribution of DO, chlorophyll a (Chl-a), and phytoplankton abundance varied with thermal stratification and mixing. The concentration of DO gradually dropped with increasing water depth during the nighttime. The concentration of DO was lowest in the early morning and peaked in the afternoon. Multiple regression analysis demonstrated that water temperature (WT), Chl-a, and phytoplankton abundance provided the best model for the vertical distribution of DO. Based on our results, DO regulation can provide important insights for aquaculture pond management.
Pages/Duration:17 pages
URI:http://hdl.handle.net/10524/68051
ISSN:0792-156X
DOI:https://doi.org/10.46989/001c.38406
Volume:74
Appears in Collections: Volume 74, 2022


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