Effects of Antibacterial Peptide Extracted from Bacillus subtilis fmbJ on the Growth, Physiological Response and Disease Resistance of Megalobrama amblycephala

Date
2014
Authors
He, Yijin
Liu, Bo
Xie, Jun
Ge, Xianping
Xu, Pao
Lu, Ying
Lu, Fengxia
Lu, Zhaoxin
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Abstract
The effects of an antibacterial peptide obtained from Bacillus subtilis fmbJ on growth, serum lysozyme complements 3 and 4, total protein content, aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), total antioxidative capacity, superoxide dismutase (SOD) activity, malondialdehyde (MDA) content, and disease resistance of Wuchang bream (Megalobrama amblycephala) were examined. Fish were randomly divided into five groups: a control group which was fed a basic diet, and four groups fed the basic diet supplemented with 0.1%, 0.2%, 0.4%, or 0.8% antibacterial peptide. At eight weeks, M. amblycephala fed the diet containing 0.2% antibacterial peptide had higher serum lysozyme activity, complement 3 and 4 contents, and SOD activity than the control fish, but lower serum MDA content and AST activity. Fish fed the 0.4% diet had higher weight gain rate, serum lysozyme activity, complement 4 content, total antioxidative capacity, and total protein than the control, and lower serum ALT activity. Feed conversion ratios of fish fed the 0.2% or 0.4% diets were lower than those of control fish. Artificial infection with Aeromonas hydrophila resulted in 93% cumulative mortality in the control group, and 61-84% in the groups fed the 0.2% or 0.4% diets. The present study suggests that feed supplementation with 0.2-0.4% antibacterial peptides can stimulate immunity, increase resistance to pathogenic infection, and promote growth in M. amblycephala.
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Megalobrama amblycephala, Antibacterial peptide, Immunity, Aeromonas hydrophila, Growth
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10 pages
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The Israeli Journal of Aquaculture - Bamidgeh
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