Dietary calcium requirements of bighead carp (Aristichthys nobilis)

Date
2022
Authors
Cao, Manxia
Gao, Pan
Wang, Fuchen
Huang, Feng
Wang, Yuanyuan
Hu, Xianqin
Wang, Wenbiao
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74
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Abstract
To investigate dietary calcium requirement of bighead carp (Aristichthys nobilis), six purified diets were formulated to contain different concentrations of calcium (0.09% (control), 0.43%, 0.76%, 1.12%, 1.44%, and 1.79% of dry diets). Each diet was hand-fed to triplicate 30 fish with an average initial body weight (3.31 ± 0.09 g) for 60 days. The results showed that weight gain (WG) and specific growth rate (SGR) significantly increased when dietary calcium level was from 0.09% to 0.76% (P < 0.05). The phosphorus and calcium contents of whole fish body were highest in the 0.76% and 1.12% group, respectively (P < 0.05). The serum phosphorus content in the 1.79% group was significantly lower than those in other groups (P < 0.05). As dietary calcium content was from 0.09% to 0.76%, the activities of lipase and proteinase in the intestine had a significant increase (P < 0.05), while the glutamic oxaloacetic transaminase (GOT) and glutamic pyruvic transaminase (GPT) activities were significantly decreased (P < 0.05). Based on quadratic curve model analysis with WG and WGR as the appraising criteria, the appropriate dietary requirement of calcium for the bighead carp larvae (3.31 ± 0.09 g) was 1.01% - 1.02%.
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bighead carp, body composition, calcium, growth, serum biochemical indices
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14 pages
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The Israeli Journal of Aquaculture - Bamidgeh
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