Bacillus velezensis LG37 absorbs and utilizes ammonia nitrogen from aquaculture water and enhances the toxicity tolerance of grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella) to ammonia (non-ionic ammonium)

Date
2022
Authors
Liu, Guangxin
Zhao, Lijuan
Guo, Zhixun
Lin, Li
Contributor
Advisor
Department
Instructor
Depositor
Speaker
Researcher
Consultant
Interviewer
Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
Publisher
Volume
74
Number/Issue
Starting Page
Ending Page
Alternative Title
Abstract
High concentrations of ammonia nitrogen lead to multi-organ damage, decreased immunity, and metabolic disorders in aquaculture animals, which cause disease outbreaks. This study mainly screened probiotic strains for good control of the concentration of ammonia nitrogen and identified strain LG37 as Bacillus velezensis according to its morphological, 16S rDNA, phylogenetic, and genomic data analysis. This LG37 strain achieved efficiently purifies aquaculture water and enhances the toxicity tolerance of grass carp to ammonia. The experimental on growth characteristics showed that LG37 exhibited a satisfactory growth trend with 10 types of sugar, 17 types of amino acids, and 6 types of organic nitrogen as the carbon or nitrogen source. Under the conditions of initial dissolved oxygen at 6±1 mg/L, the temperature at 27±2°C, and pH 7±0.3. Through wastewater treatment equipment, which degraded ammonia nitrogen and the feed protein in grass carp culture wastewater reached up to 55.5% and 73.6% within one week, respectively. Moreover, in the acute toxicity test, when feed without LG37 was fed to grass carp, the safe concentration of ammonia nitrogen (non-ionic ammonium) was 3.37 mg/L (0.2 mg/L). When feed with LG37 was fed to grass carp, the safe concentration of ammonia nitrogen (non-ionic ammonium) was 5.11 mg/L (0.31 mg/L). Compared to feed without LG37, the feed with LG37 increased the toxicity tolerance of grass carp to ammonia nitrogen (non-ionic ammonium) by 51.63% (55%).
Description
Keywords
acute toxicity, ammonia, Bacillus velezensis, grass carp, utilization rate
Citation
Extent
12 pages
Format
Geographic Location
Time Period
Related To
The Israeli Journal of Aquaculture - Bamidgeh
Rights
Rights Holder
Collections
Email libraryada-l@lists.hawaii.edu if you need this content in ADA-compliant format.