Growth and Biochemical Composition of Navicula sp. Cultivated at Two Light Intensities and Three Wavelengths

Date
2015
Authors
Fimbres-Olivarría, D.
López-Elías, J.A.
Martínez-Córdova, L.R.
Carvajal-Millán, E.
Enríquez-Ocaña, F.
Valdéz-Holguín, E.
Miranda-Baeza, A.
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Abstract
Many studies have reported that the exposure of microalgae cultures to red light increases the production of carbohydrates, while blue light promotes the production of protein. There are several studies about Navicula, however there are few, if any, studies of the combined effects of wavelength and light intensity on the biochemical composition of this genus In this study we evaluated the combined effect of three wavelengths: white (400-750nm), blue (430-480nm), and red (650-750nm), at two light intensities (50 and100 μmol/m2/sec) on the growth and biochemical composition of Navicula sp. cultured on a laboratory scale. The experiment was carried out under controlled conditions utilizing a factorial design 2x3 (light intensity and wavelength) with white light as the control. The cell concentration was measured daily. Dry biomass of filtered cells was incinerated at 450ºC in a muffle oven. The biochemical content was measured using micro methods. The cell concentration was higher with white light at both intensities (291,875 and 90,938 cells/mL at 50 and100 μmol photon/m2/sec, respectively). Microalgae grown under blue wavelengths at 100 μmol photon/m2/sec had the highest dry biomass (1607 pg/cell). The highest percentage of protein was obtained under the blue light (22.83%), carbohydrates under the white light (4.13) and lipids under the red light (35.25%) all these results were observed under the low light intensity (50 μmol photon/m2/sec). The highest cell concentration and growth rate was observed under the low light intensity the largest proportions of which were proteins produced under the blue light. Lipid composition was not affected by light intensity or wavelength.
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Navicula sp., light intensities, wavelengths, LED, biochemical composition, Fish culture--Israel., Fish culture.
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7 pages
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The Israeli Journal of Aquaculture - Bamidgeh
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