Rapa Nui Journal Volume 28 Issue 2

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    Song in the Spotlight
    ( 2014-10-01)
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    ( 2014-10-01) Padgett, Antionette
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    Book Reviews
    ( 2014-10-01) Aliaga, José Miguel Ramírez ; Lee, Georgia ; Mason, Peter ; Shepardson, Britton ; Vorbrich, Christopher ; Davies, Ben
    The hydrogeologic conditions and water supply of Rapa Nui have recently become a matter of concern since the island has become more readily accessible by plane. This has increased resident and tourist populations, which has heightened the demand on the island’s groundwater supply. Another threat to the future of Rapa Nui is pollution of its freshwater resource. Three possible pollution sources are seawater intrusion, the Orito Landfill, and the lack of a septic waste system. Seawater intrusion is a potential threat for Rapa Nui because the aquifer becomes shallower near the coast and groundwater pumping occurs near the coast. The unlined Orito Landfill sits atop a groundwater divide, increasing the potential for chemical compounds to disperse in various directions. The lack of a centralized septic waste system also poses a growing threat from potential seepage into the groundwater supply. Increased understanding of the hydrogeologic conditions and sources of groundwater pollution need to be a priority for the government of Chile and the municipality of Rapa Nui to help sustain the fresh groundwater supply. This research focuses on the groundwater conditions in the southeastern part of the island near the town of Hanga Roa, where most residents live and where groundwater is the sole source of potable water. This report attempts to combine general hydrogeologic knowledge with observed data from various sources in order to create a baseline assessment of the current groundwater situation. Current knowledge of groundwater pumping wells and pollution sources needs to be expanded in order to manage the water supply sustainably for future generations. An investment in a hydrologic monitoring program, compatible with improved waste management, would help lead to a safe, reliable drinking water source for the people of Rapa Nui.
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    Impacts to tourism and loss of cultural heritage from climate change and adaptation recommendations
    ( 2014-10-01) Campbell, Peter ; McCall,Grant ; Easton, Angelique
    Despite the high relief of this isolated volcanic island, Easter Island (or indigenous name of land and people – Rapanui1) is susceptible to the impacts of climate change through higher frequency storm surges with increasing coastal inundation and beach shoreline recession (Quilliam et al. 2014). The iconic cultural heritage2 monuments (moai) play a determining role in securing tourist income, and in turn local economic injection. These moai and other ancient features are at great risk of damage with a great number located on the coastline and cliff faces. Other key risks for the island include water security and consequent food security. A strong role for local tourism operators is proposed as part of coordinated action with other similar places in Oceania and the rest of the island world.
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    Representations of Rapa Nui in Chilean literature: The case of Pablo Neruda
    ( 2014-10-01) Galilea,Marisol
    The following article invites readers to think about Rapa Nui from the perspective of literature questioning the representations we have inherited since the island received its Christian name, Easter Island. This paper focuses on the work of Chilean Nobel Prize winning poet Pablo Neruda and his book The Separate Rose.
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    Terevaka Archaeological Outreach 2014 field report: Meeting community objectives
    ( 2014-10-01) Shepardson, Britton ; Shepardson, Dylan ; Droppelmann, Gonzalo ; Briggs, Kelsey ; Larrick, Tate ; Ramirez, Rocio ; Atá, Beno ; Pakarati, Gina ; Wilkins, Mahanua ; Fuentes, Jannis ; Ika, HaȠarau, Ika ; Moncada, Carla ; Paoa, Hana ; Pérez, Franco ; Tuki, Ioani ; Tuki, Jorge ; Tuki, Tahira ; Tuki, Teatahero ; Valdebenito, Maurice
    Work completed in July of 2014 marks the eleventh year that Terevaka Archaeological Outreach (TAO) has offered educational opportunities for high school students local to the Rapa Nui community. Fifteen Rapanui students enrolled in this year’s program, representing La Aldea Educativa and Colegio Hermano Eugenio Eyraud—two of the high schools on the island. Five of those fifteen students were returning students, having successfully completed their first year of the TAO curriculum in July of 2013. The goals of the TAO program have remained the same since its inception in 2003. First, our work aims to utilize archaeology as a foundation for education and opportunity within Rapa Nui’s island community. Second, our projects promote awareness of and expertise in archaeology and cultural conservation. And third, we document, study, and conserve the remarkable treasures of the past that remain on Rapa Nui today. In order to fulfill these goals, TAO staff and students have undertaken a variety of innovative projects on the island and presented findings through various media (Rutherford et al. 2008; Shepardson 2006, 2010; Shepardson & Torres Hochstetter 2009; Shepardson et al. 2004, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013; Torres Hochstetter & Shepardson 2005). As TAO becomes a more established institution on the island, one of our challenges is to make sure that projects are closely aligned with the everevolving community objectives in sustainable development. Our 2014 program focused on two specific projects: (1) non-invasive archaeological site documentation and surveillance, and (2) raising awareness of Rapanui artifacts that currently reside in museums overseas.
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    Reports and Commentaries:The Fritz Felbermayer legacy
    ( 2014-10-01) Haoa Rapahango, Betty ; Basterrica Borckman, Tania
    Fritz Felbermayer Blecha, an Austrian man who lived in Chile, was a great philanthropist and benefactor of the Rapanui people. In his travels to Easter Island, he collected more than two thousand objects of the Rapanui culture, which are currently in the collection of the Fonck Museum in Viña del Mar, Chile. His memory and his work are preserved through the exhibition of these objects in the museum and through the support he provided for young people from the island who came to the continent to study, becoming professionals.
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    More on Hoa Hakananai‘a: Paint, petroglyphs, and a sledge, and the independent value of archaeological and historical evidence
    ( 2014-10-01) Pitts, Mike
    It was a privilege to be able to study Hoa Hakananai‘a in the British Museum, in the quiet of the Wellcome Trust Gallery at night. My hope was not just to learn new things, but also to encourage debate about one of the museum’s under-appreciated exhibits. I was delighted to see responses in the Rapa Nui Journal, one to my article in the same edition (Pitts 2014), and the other to an earlier magazine feature (Pitts et al. 2013). The editor offered me the chance to comment on these, but I preferred to wait until more of our peer-reviewed articles had been published, which they have now been (Miles et al. 2014; Pitts et al. 2014; see also Miles et al. in press). Jo Anne Van Tilburg (2014) has usefully traced the buyer of the photo I reproduced, taken in 1868 (Pitts 2014:Figure 3). Georgia Lee and colleagues have made a significant contribution in finding an original print of the second 1868 photo (Lee et al. 2014:Figure 3). I agree with Van Tilburg (2014:50) that the identity of the photographer remains uncertain.